Preliminaries If ethics is widely regarded as the most accessible branch of philosophy, it is so because many of its presuppositions are self-evident or trivial truths:
You can read four articles free per month. In Protagoras, Plato asks what virtue is, and in Meno, he asks whether it can be taught. Protagoras tells a doubting Socrates that virtue is a single whole and qualities such as justice, selfcontrol and holiness are parts of it.
When Meno asks Socrates whether virtue is something that can be taught, the philosopher replies that he does not know what virtue is nor has he ever met a person who does.
Virtue, then, is not knowledge. It 1 originated in Homeric times BC to illuminate the glorious knightly culture of aristocratic warriors that thrived magnificently through to the era of the military state of Sparta; 2 assumed a new definition through Plato circa BC during the period of the scribe culture of classical Athenian education, which was reserved for a privileged ruling class and based on a search for truth; and 3 finally it expanded its essential characteristics through the writings and oratory of Isocrates circa BC.
The Noble Warrior The warrior of the Homeric era was no barbarian. He was skilled in the art of warfare and athletic activities such as boxing, jousting, running and throwing.
For instance, Achilles was raised to a state of grace by the wise centaur Chiron and counseled further by Phoenix. The Philosopher The democratic ideal preceded classical education; thus, notions of the collective good and of performing heroically for the State were firmly grounded in Greek society by the fifth century B.
At this time, however, Greece experienced a deep philosophical divide. Pedagogy as we know it today took root during this period. Plato believed that philosophy was best expressed and could best be cultivated in the public arena.
By writing dialogues featuring his teacher Socrates, he documented his dialectic method in order to 1 examine questions about virtue, justice, and beauty, 2 present the views of the dominant thinkers of his time, and 3 demonstrate the manner in which debates might be properly conducted.
In employing the Socratic dialogue, Plato offered no universal answers to the fundamental philosophical questions of his contemporaries.
He chose instead to suggest ways of asking uncompromising questions that would subject all hypotheses to intense scrutiny. Though Plato intended his philosophic training for the aristocracy to prepare them for their place in politics and law, his ideas represented a revolutionary departure from the traditional foundations of education.
The Orator Isocrates was a pupil of the Sophists and a teacher who was influenced by Socrates and Plato. Like the Sophists, Isocrates sought to train orators to choose subject matter of great consequence and to compose and deliver practical, compelling arguments in the service of Greece.
His educational model depended upon the art of oratory to solve everyday problems that Athenians experienced. Isocrates is credited with inspiring the literary tone of Western education, which still lasts to this day. Unquestionably, we can see his deep influence on Cicero and Quintilian in Roman education nearly half a millennium later.
He demanded of rhetoric high values and a moral eloquence that stood on an even ground with the poetic mastery of Homer and the philosophic command of Plato. In many ways and forms — most notably, the subject of their inquiry, the references that they used to support their logic and challenge their detractors, and the literature that they employed in their pedagogical practices — these Platonic and Isocratic columns have stood as indestructible monuments over the passage of time because of the foundation which anchored them: He accepts e-mail at Vassallo aol.
Marrou, A History of Education in Antiquity, trans.Apr 09, · In one of Plato’s most noted texts, Socrates meets Protagoras, with whom he disagrees on whether political virtue can be taught. Socrates says it cannot, and as evidence for this he points out that at the public forum anyone can take the lead, no matter whether he is a worker, an iron forger, a sailor, rich or poor.
Protagoras is a dialogue by Plato. The traditional subtitle is "or the Sophists". The main argument is between the elderly Protagoras, a celebrated Sophist, and Socrates. The discussion takes place at the home of Callias, who is host to Protagoras while he is in town, and concerns the nature of Sophists, the unity and the teachability of virtue.
A total of twenty-one people are named as present. Plato’s Protagoras, the Abilities of Man, and Virtue The Greeks of antiquity were remarkable not only for being the first great thinkers, but also for the depth of their thinking.
In the cruel world of antiquity where living itself was a struggle, they contemplated the unity of man and his relationship with others of his species. Protagoras By Plato. Commentary: Several comments have been posted about For we have shown that they think virtue capable of being taught and cultivated both in private and they are related to one another as the parts of a face are related to the whole face.
And do men have some one part and some another part of virtue?. In Virtue and Reason in Plato and Aristotle, A. W.
Price offers a comprehensive examination of the ethical and moral psychological views of antiquity's two most celebrated philosophers.
Price's goal is to paint a general picture of the moral and psychological framework within which Plato and Aristotle place human action, while doing justice to all the persistently challenging details that continue to engage scholars of .
and only asks whether Protagoras thinks the various virtues—temperance, courage, piety, justice and wisdom—are parts of virtue as the nose, eyes, mouth, etc.
are parts of the face or as the parts of gold are parts of the whole of a piece of gold.